Comparison of gene expression profiles of gingival carcinoma Ca9-22 cells and colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells to identify potentially important mediators of SLPI-induced cell migration
Journal of Oral Science
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a serine protease inhibitor whose expression level is positively correlated with tumor aggressiveness and metastatic potential. However, the mechanism underlying SLPI-induced enhancement of malignant phenotype is not completely understood. The malignancy of cancer cells is highly dependent on cell migration activity. Our previous study revealed that gingival carcinoma Ca9-22 cells, but not colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells, expressed SLPI.
... expressed SLPI. Therefore, we investigated the migration activity of these two cell types to understand the nature of SLPI-mediated tumor aggressiveness and metastatic potential. In vitro wound healing assay indicated that HT-29 cells and SLPI-deleted Ca9-22 cells showed lower migra-tion activity than wild-type Ca9-22 cells, suggesting that SLPI-induced cell migration plays an important role in tumor aggressiveness and metastatic potential. In addition, our gene expression profiling study based on microarray data for the three cell types identified a number of candidates, including LCP1 and GLI, that could be key molecules in the mechanism of SLPIinduced cell migration.