Consumo de substancias durante el embarazo y dimensiones de personalidad
Our aim was to assess personality traits associated with substance use during pregnancy in a population-based, multicentre study of 1804 pregnant women. On day 2-3 postpartum, participants completed a semi-structured interview, including self-reported drug use (alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, cannabis, cocaine, opioids) during pregnancy, and socio-demographic, reproductive and obstetric variables, personal and family psychiatric history, social support, and the Eysenck personality questionnaire,
... rt version (EPQ-RS). Logistic regression models were conducted. Fifty per cent of women reported substance use during pregnancy: 40% caffeine, 21% tobacco, 3.5% alcohol, and 0.3 % cannabis. Mean T-scores (SD) for personality dimensions were 51.1 (9.6) for extraversion, 48 (8.9) for psychoticism, and 43.6 (8.5) for neuroticism. Extroversion (p = .029) and psychoticism (p = .009) were identified as risk factors after adjustment by age, level of education, employment status during pregnancy, low social support, and previous psychiatric history. For each increment of 10 units in their scores, the odds of substance use increased by 12% and 16% respectively. Low education, being on leave during pregnancy, and previous psychiatric history were independent factors (p < .05) associated with substance use during pregnancy. Primiparity was a protective factor (p = .001). The final models showed a good fit (p = .26). The screening of substance use during pregnancy should include personality dimensions apart from psychosocial variables and history of psychiatric disorders. It is important to identify the associated risk factors for substance use during pregnancy to prevent and improve foetal/neonatal and maternal health during perinatal period.