Recent Books on Church HistoryWeingartens Zeittafeln und Überblicke zur Kirchengeschichte. Carl Franklin ArnoldCyprian: The Churchman. John Alfred FaulknerJustins des Märtyrers Lehre von Jesus Christus. Alfred Leonhard FederQuellen und Untersuchungen zur lateinischen Philologie des Mittelalters. Ludwig Traube , Edward Kennard RandDie Beicht nach Cäsarius von Heisterbach. Albert Michael KoenigerDer Portiunkula-Ablass: Eine kritisch-historische Studie. Peter Anton KirschThe Reformation. George Park FisherA Hi
The American Journal of Theology
Weingarten's Zeittafeln' is an old favorite with the students of church history, and in the present improved edition will be more welcome than ever. Dr. Arnold, the new editor, has brought the work down to the most recent times. When dates are disputed, he gives more than one, with the names of their respective advocates. He contributes an important appendix on the history of hymns, in which, however, he knows only those of the German language. He supplies a number of genealogical tables, which
... gical tables, which had been called for by the purchasers of the previous editions. The book is valuable, not only for its chronology, but also for its exact statements of the typical doctrines which have been held by individuals and schools. With all its excellences it is not faultless. It is somewhat lame when it enters England and America. For example, it mentions William Carey but once, and then ' Weingartens Zeittafeln und Uberblicke zur Kirchengeschichte. Sechste Auflage. Volstindig umgearbeitet und bis auf die Gegenwart fortgefiihrt. Von Carl Franklin Arnold. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1906. M. 4.80; geb. 5.80. 335 eighty-seven,another thirty-three, and so on; but, so far as known evidence goes, every well-defined group of manuscripts has a demonstrated eightythree. So far as the evidence goes, therefore, Jerome at least definitely supposed that Didymus was eighty-three years old in 392. If, however, Butler's chronology of Palladius is correct, and Palladius correct in giving age at death as eighty-five, it seems equally clear that Jerome was wrong in his impression. The whole matter hinges on the validity of Butler's chronology, which is accepted by Leipoldt, and probably by most scholars at the present time, as over against that of Preuschen, and anyone would be slow to question so thoroughly reasoned-out a scheme. At the same time, it must be confessed that, on the face of it, and regarded as a matter of evidence, Jerome's statement becomes a positive evidence for the chronology of Preuschen, in that, if his chronology is accepted rather than that of Butler, all the circumstances and statements regarding this particular matter dovetail perfectly; Didymus was eighty-three in 392, as Jerome says; he died after Palladius had known him for ten years, which was, as Preuschen says, in 394; and in 394 he would have been, according to Jerome, eightyfive years old, which was, in fact, according to Palladius, his age at death. If Preuschen is right thus, Jerome and Palladius are both right; but if Butler is right, Jerome is mistaken. THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY only to notice that he finished his translation of the Bible into Bengalee in 18o09, leaving us entirely ignorant of his great life and his significance as the pioneer of modern Protestant missions. Some things might be omitted without loss, and the space occupied with better materials. For instance, it is doubtful if the publication of Goethe's rather unclean novel, Selective A finities, belongs to church history. There is an index, but it leaves out many things which it should include. Let us be thankful, however, for what the book supplies; and that is a rich treasury of facts and dates in the history of the church, carefully sifted, verified, and arranged. THE EARLY PERIOD The little book on Cyprian2 which lies before us is one of a series entitled "Men of the Kingdom." It is the purpose of the editors of the series to make the volumes brief and strictly popular. The writer on Cyprian has fulfilled this purpose excellently. He has made good use of the sources, and also of the critical labors of Benson, Otto Ritschl, Goetz, and others. He is thoroughly Protestant in his interpretation of the history. His carelessness of English grammar is his greatest defect. But his book is interesting in spite of this fault. The book of Dr. Wieland3 is the first of a series entitled "Mensa und Confessio: Studien tiber den Altar der altchristlichen Liturgie." If its successors shall prove to be as learned and as impartial as this volume, the entire work will be of great value. It is something new for a Roman Catholic scholar to maintain propositions like the following: The Eucharist was not considered an offering by the apostles, or by the earliest Fathers. Nor had they any altar in the sense of a piece of liturgical furniture. When Paul and the apostolic fathers speak of an altar, they do not mean a concrete altar, but Christ, or communion with God. We find neither offering nor altar, in the present sense of the words, before the second century. The author gives us several reproductions of paintings in the Catacombs to sustain his view. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO FRANKLIN JOHNSON An interesting study of Justin Martyr's4 doctrine concerning Christ, by a Jesuit priest, has the approbation of the superintendent of the order in Germany, and bears the imprimatur of the archbishop of Freiburg in 2 Cyprian: The Churchman. 6 Histoire de la Pragmatique sanction de Bourges sous Charles VII. Par Nodl Valois. Paris: Picard. cxcii+ 288 pages. Fr. io. 7 Die Beicht nach Cdsarius von Heisterbach. Von Albert Michael Koeniger. Miinchen: Lentner, 19o6. x+Io7 pages. M. 2.40. 8 Der Portiunkula-Ablass: Eine kritisch-historische Studie. Von Peter Anton Kirsch. Tiibingen: Laupp, 19o5. 95 pages. M. I.20.