Update of gene expression/methylation and MiRNA profiling in colorectal cancer; application in diagnosis, prognosis, and targeted therapy

Amir Mehrgou, Shahram Teimourian, Eduardo Andrés-León
2022 PLoS ONE  
Colorectal cancer is one of the most deadliest malignancies worldwide. Due to the dearth of appropriate biomarkers, the diagnosis of this mortal disease is usually deferred, in its turn, culminating in the failure of prevention. By the same token, proper biomarkers are at play in determining the quality of prognosis. In other words, the survival rate is contingent upon the regulation of such biomarkers. Materials and methods The information regarding expression (GSE41258, and GSE31905),
more » ... ion (GSE101764), and miRNA (dbDEMC) were downloaded. MEXPRESS and GEPIA confirmed the validated differentially expressed/methylated genes using TCGA data. Taking advantage of the correlation plots and receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curves, expression and methylation profiles were compared. The interactions between validated differentially expressed genes and differentially expressed miRNA were recognized and visualized by miRTarBase and Cytoscape, respectively. Then, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and hub genes were established via STRING and Cytohubba plugin. Utilizing R packages (DOSE, Enrichplot, and clusterProfiler) and DAVID database, the Functional Enrichment analysis and the detection of KEGG pathways were performed. Ultimately, in order to recognize the prognostic value of found biomarkers, they were evaluated through drawing survival plots for CRC patients. Results In this research, we found an expression profile (with 13 novel genes), a methylation profile (with two novel genes), and a miRNA profile with diagnostic value. Concerning diagnosis, the expression profile was evaluated more powerful in comparison with the methylation profile. Furthermore, a prognosis-related expression profile was detected. Conclusion In addition to diagnostic- and prognostic-applicability, the discerned profiles can assist in targeted therapy and current therapeutic strategies.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0265527 pmid:35333898 pmcid:PMC8956198 fatcat:3dcis2lh25bdxeuiqjqbf4t45e