LANGUAGE OUTCOME OF VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABIES AT 2-YEAR CORRECTED AGE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Reeba Ann Daniel, Babu George
2019 Indian Journal of Child Health  
Improved survival of preterm infants has resulted in increase in motor and cognitive dysfunctions which have reduced health-related quality of life. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the receptive and expressive language (EL) development of very low birth weight (VLBW) babies at 2-year corrected age and compare it with normal birth weight (NBW) "at-risk" babies on developmental follow-up. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which compared the language
more » ... d the language outcome which was measured using Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale. Results: The study included 75 VLBW babies and a comparison group of 26 NBW babies. The mean receptive language quotient in VLBW and NBW babies was 91.37±8.35 and 97.19±7.07, respectively (p=0.002). The mean EL quotient in VLBW and NBW babies was 82.64±12.32 and 92.77±10.47, respectively (p<0.001). A total of 20% of VLBW children had a significant delay in EL as opposed to only 4% of the NBW children (p=0.019). Conclusion: VLBW infants have a significantly higher chance of expressive language delay compared to NBW children.
doi:10.32677/ijch.2019.v06.i11.004 fatcat:guccvpglzjbdbihlxont22kb3e