Estimation of the octanol-water distribution coefficient of basic compounds by a cationic microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography system

Alejandro Fernández-Pumarega, Belén Martín-Sanz, Susana Amézqueta, Elisabet Fuguet, Martí Rosés
2020 ADMET and DMPK  
<p class="ADMETabstracttext">The octanol-water partition coefficient (P<sub>o/w</sub>), or the octanol-water distribution coefficient (D<sub>o/w</sub>) for ionized compounds, is a key parameter in the drug development process. In a previous work, this parameter was estimated through the retention factor measurements in a sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) - microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (MEEKC) system for acidic compounds. Nonetheless, when ionized basic compounds were analyzed,
more » ... e analyzed, undesirable ion pairs were formed with the anionic surfactant and avoided a good estimation of log D<sub>o/w</sub>. For this reason, an alternative MEEKC system based on a cationic surfactant has been evaluated to estimate P<sub>o/w</sub> or D<sub>o/w</sub> of neutral compounds and ionized bases. To this end, it has been characterized through the solvation parameter model (SPM) and compared to the octanol-water partition system. Results pointed out that both systems show a similar partition behavior. Hence, the log P<sub>o/w</sub> of a set of neutral compounds has been successfully correlated against the logarithm of the retention factor (log k) determined in this MEEKC system. Then, the log D<sub>o/w</sub> of 6 model bases have been estimated at different pH values and they have been compared to data from the literature, determined by the reference shake-flask and potentiometric methods. Good agreement has been observed between the literature and the estimated values when the base is neutral or partially ionized (up to 99 % of ionization).</p>
doi:10.5599/admet.760 fatcat:r6crocc2vnhz5fj5vxi3lane2y