La gobernanza metropolitana y el reto del desarrollo urbano-territorial sostenible: las experiencias en Alemania
Ciência & Trópico
Resumen SHEID, Andreas Hildenbrand. La gobernanza metropolitana y el reto del desarrollo urbano-territorial sostenible: las experiencias en Alemania. Abstract SHEID, Andreas Hildenbrand. Metropolitan governance and the challenge of sustainable urbanterritorial development: experiences in Germany. Revista C&Trópico, v. 43, special edition, p. 83-133, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33148/CeTrópico_v.43n.esp(2019 The aim of the present article is to offer an analysis and sintetic overview of the
... overview of the metropolitan governance in Germany, putting the focus on metropolitan institutions (hard governance) and informal instruments of metropolitan cooperation (soft governance) and their practice in the field of spatial plannning policy. Firstly are explained the reasons why the adecuate design of these institutions and instruments and their performance in spatial planning are key factors for the achievement of sustainable urban and territorial development in metropolitan areas. Secondly, are outlined the general characteristics of the German metropolitan areas and the different models of organization of the metropolitan institutions existing today in this country. Likewise are considered the types of soft governance instruments in use. Thirdly, the different models are object of an detailled analysis of their concrete application for six cases of metropolitan áreas (Stuttgart, Hannover, Frankfurt, München, Berlin-Brandenburg and Hamburg). This analysis treats the basic elements of the metropolitan institutions (process of creation, organization structures, competences) and highligts the main features of the practices in three metropolitan key policies: public transport, economic development and spatial planning. Also some cases of the use of soft governance instruments are reviewed briefly. Special consideration receive the analysis of the contents of the spatial development plans what concerns to their four central strategies in order to achieve a sustainable urban and territorial development (among them the compact city model and the integrated planning of land use and transport). Finally, comparing the German experiences with other existing in the inernational context, the article outlines in its conclusions some lessons which could be drawn from the German case for the practice of metropolitan governance and spatial planning.