Challenges of post-socialism suburb: The case of Pieriga

G. Darbina
2012 SHS Web of Conferences  
The construction of new private suburban houses at the Pieriga (the suburban zone surrounding the capital city of Riga) that was affected by the land market created building territories that do not have a common planning or infrastructure. The suburbanization process of Pieriga took place on the territories of agriculture, former gardening societies and partly at the forests. By creating the building territories that lacked an architectonic or a social conception, it was forgotten that the
more » ... otten that the transformation of the land includes not only the visual changes but also the changes of lifestyles. Because of the growth of the number of the inhabitants in Pieriga, the commuting to Riga and to other cities is also increasing. A quantitative research work shows that in Latvia Pieriga is a desired place of residence. The life in the suburb has become a form of the consumption of the status that is still built on the hopes of and upward mobility. Before the economical crisis many Latvian families were striving to acquire their own house: during the soviet period there were families that shared their houses with other generations. During the last years the biggest growth of the number of the inhabitants related to the construction of new houses was observed at Pieriga -the suburb of the Riga city. During the year 2009 over 13000 inhabitants came to live at the Pieriga's statistical region. The expansion of the suburb during the last decade was also affected by the easily accessible mortgages. During the economical growth the suburbanization of Pieriga was also facilitated by migrating middle class families, because the estate prices were very high. The life at the suburb became a way of consumption of the status that were based on the upward mobility. The research work of Contor on 1084 regions of the European Union showed that Pieriga was the 6 th most perspective to have an economical growth (LETA, 22.01.2010). However the construction of new houses and the rapid economical growth has taken place because of the influence of the land market and it created scattered construction territories that do not have a common planning or an infrastructure. It also created the so called meadow-villages that are not developing anymore. Now after the administrative territorial reform of the year 2009, the Pieriga is formed by 17 areas:
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20120200010 fatcat:3hjejh2fuzg2hmbpuvwl76tazu