Evaluation of oxidative status in acetaminophen treated rat hepatocytes in culture

T Rousar, O Kucera, P Kriváková, H Lotková, R Kandár, V Muzáková, Z Cervinková
2008 Physiological Research  
The present study describes the estimation of acetaminophen (AAP) toxicity in cultured rat hepatocytes. We used different concentrations of AAP - 1, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mM, to test influence of AAP on cellular viability, functional capacity and oxidative status at given time intervals. WST 1 test showed decrease of dehydrogenase activity in 5, 10 and 20 mM AAP to 75 % of control values after 1 hour of incubation. At 12 h of treatment, all AAP concentrations decreased WST-1 signal; no enzyme
more » ... al; no enzyme activity was found since 18 h in cells treated with 20 mM AAP according to LDH leakage test performed at 24 h of incubation. Functional capacity was tested by albumin assay where the decrease was strictly related to AAP dose. Intracellular oxidative status was assessed by analysis of GSH/GSSG levels and time course of ROS production and glutathione reductase (GR) activity. Increased ROS production was found already after 3 h of incubation in 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mM AAP, respectively. The highest ROS production was measured after 12 h treatment. GR activity was decreased already after 3 h of incubation and remained also decreased in cells treated with 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mM AAP during further incubation.
pmid:18380536 fatcat:2bwldnb7yrcdvgwzhpy7fzgu44