Performance-Enhancing Drugs, Sport, and the Ideal of Natural Athletic Performance

Sigmund Loland
2018 American Journal of Bioethics  
Dette er siste tekst-versjon av artikkelen, og den kan inneholde små forskjeller fra forlagets pdf-versjon. Forlagets pdf-versjon finner du her: http://dx. Abstract The use of certain performance-enhancing drugs (PED) is banned in sport. I discuss critically standard justifications of the ban based on arguments from two widely used criteria: fairness and harms to health. I argue that these arguments on their own are inadequate, and only make sense within a normative understanding of athletic
more » ... ding of athletic performance and the value of sport. In the discourse over PED, the distinction between 'natural' versus 'artificial' performance has exerted significant impact. I examine whether the distinction makes sense from a moral point of view. I propose an understanding of 'natural' athletic performance by combining biological knowledge of training with an interpretation of the normative structure of sport. I conclude that this understanding can serve as moral justification of the PED ban and enable critical and analytically based line drawing between acceptable and non-acceptable performance-enhancing means in sport.
doi:10.1080/15265161.2018.1459934 pmid:29852101 fatcat:3542q2r7gvbgza4zzwcykdcysa