Effects of Water Leaching on the Ash Sintering Problems of Wheat Straw

Shibo Wu, Jiannan Chen, Daoping Peng, Zheng Wu, Qin Li, Tao Huang
2019 Energies  
Biomass energy has been used for decades in lieu of fossil fuels. However, biomass, such as wheat straw, typically contains a high concentration of alkali elements, which is likely to induce unfavorable conditions during combustion, such as slagging, agglomeration, and corrosion in the boiler. This study investigated the effects of leaching on the chemical compounds and sintering temperatures of wheat straw ash before and after leaching by tap water. Ash melting and sintering degree tests were
more » ... degree tests were conducted using hot-stage microscopy and a scanning electron microscope, respectively. The results show that the ash content in wheat straw decreased by 26.09% (from 4.14% to 3.06%) following leaching, as did the chlorine (Cl), sulfur (S), and nitrogen (N). Meanwhile, the ash-related elements such as potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and silicon (Si) reduced after leaching too. Additionally, the higher heating value increased slightly, from 19.25 to 19.53 MJ/kg. At the same time, leaching improved the ash melting temperatures of wheat straw during combustion and minimized the ash sintering degree. Similar results were also shown in scanning electron microscope (SEM) images, which clearly indicated that the leached samples had a lighter sintering degree than the original samples. Overall, the leaching process had a positive effect on the ash sintering problems of wheat straw.
doi:10.3390/en12030387 fatcat:yk5iml3iwvdpbjpkbkai7ucvzy