Measuring Blood Pulse Wave Velocity with Bioimpedance in Different Age Groups

Shafa Aria, Yassine Elfarri, Marius Elvegård, Adam Gottfridsson, Halvor Grønaas, Sigve Harang, Anders Jansen, Thomas Madland, Ivar Martins, Marius Olstad, Tommy Ryan, Anwar Shaban (+13 others)
2019 Sensors  
In this project, we have studied the use of electrical impedance cardiography as a possible method for measuring blood pulse wave velocity, and hence be an aid in the assessment of the degree of arteriosclerosis. Using two different four-electrode setups, we measured the timing of the systolic pulse at two locations, the upper arm and the thorax, and found that the pulse wave velocity was in general higher in older volunteers and furthermore that it was also more heart rate dependent for older
more » ... ubjects. We attribute this to the fact that the degree of arteriosclerosis typically increases with age and that stiffening of the arterial wall will make the arteries less able to comply with increased heart rate (and corresponding blood pressure), without leading to increased pulse wave velocity. In view of these findings, we conclude that impedance cardiography seems to be well suited and practical for pulse wave velocity measurements and possibly for the assessment of the degree of arteriosclerosis. However, further studies are needed for comparison between this approach and reference methods for pulse wave velocity and assessment of arteriosclerosis before any firm conclusions can be drawn.
doi:10.3390/s19040850 fatcat:nrberj24pnfrzdwfjlj7ojvr3a