A Parasitological Survey On The Feces Of Pan Paniscus Schwartz (1929) In Semi-Liberty At "Lola Ya Bonobo" Sanctuary (Kinshasa City, Dr Congo)
In the Congo basin forest, there is health risk for the human populations in term of cross-species pathogen transmission due to presence of many closely related primate species that overlap in their geographic ranges. Non-human primates (NHP) serve as important reservoirs of parasites that cause diseases to man as close interactions between humans and NHP create pathways for the cross-species transmission of zoonotic diseases. This work was assessed with the aim of identifying the intestinal
... g the intestinal helminthes of Pan paniscus. 45 stool samples were examined at the National Veterinary Laboratory (Kinshasa city, Congo DR) from May to June 2012 using direct wet mount, concentration via sodium chloride floatation and sedimentation methods. Identification of parasitic ova was done following established protocols. Results revealed that Ankylostoma duodenale had the highest infestation rate (19600 eggs: 86.3%), followed respectively by Trichuris trichiura (2900 eggs: ¶12.8%) and Strongylus sp. (200 ¶ eggs: 0.9%). The young animals were the less infected than teenagers and adults. The susceptibility variation of host to parasites helminthes could be attributed to the differences in animal immune responses to the infections. Regular parasitological examination of both humans and Bonobos for epidemiological monitoring and the medical treatment of infected animals should be carried out to prevent cross-species pathogen transmission in this sanctuary.