THREE-DIMENSIONAL PLANNING OF BRACHYTHERAPY FOR LOCALLY ADVANCED CERVICAL CANCER BY CT/MRI IMAGES

Olga Kravets, Yelena Romanova, Oleg Kozlov, Mikhail Nechushkin, A. Gavrilova, A. Belova
2018 Voprosi onkologii  
We present our results of 3D CT/MRI brachytherapy (BT) planning in 115 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer T2b-3bN0-1M0. The aim of this study was to assess the differences in the visualization of tumor target volumes and risk organs during the 3D CT/MRI BT. The results of the study revealed that the use of MRI imaging for dosimetric planning of dose distribution for a given volume of a cervical tumor target was the best method of visualization of the soft tissue component of the
more » ... omponent of the tumor process in comparison with CT images, it allowed to differentially visualize the cervix and uterine body, directly the tumor volume. Mean D90 HR-CTV for MRI was 32.9 cm3 versus 45.9 cm3 for CT at the time of first BT, p = 0.0002, which is important for local control of the tumor process. The contouring of the organs of risk (bladder and rectum) through MRI images allows for more clearly visualizing the contours, which statistically significantly reduces the dose load for individual dosimetric planning in the D2cc control volume, і.є. the minimum dose of 2 cm3 of the organ of risk: D2cc for the bladder was 24.3 Gy for MRI versus 34.8 Gy on CT (p = 0.045); D2cc for the rectum - 18.7 Gy for MRI versus 26.8 Gy for CT (p = 0.046). This is a prognostically important stage in promising local control, which allows preventing manifestation of radiation damage.
doi:10.37469/0507-3758-2018-64-5-645-650 fatcat:hpdqlcd7q5dslbpjkcdvog7pye