A Model Ensemble Assessment of the Enhancement of Arctic Warming by Sea Ice Retreat

Colin Murray, John Walsh
2005 SOLA : Scientific Online Letters on the Atmosphere  
Five global climate models are used to estimate the local enhancement of Arctic warming attributable to sea ice retreat in B2-scenario greenhouse simulations. The models show a wide range of ice retreat, resulting in a corresponding range in the enhancement of warming. The enhancement is highly seasonal, varying locally from essentially zero in the summer to several degrees (°C) in the late autumn and early winter. Its magnitude increases with the threshold decline in ice concentration used to
more » ... centration used to define retreat because higher thresholds better isolate the warming enhancement signal over ice retreat areas. A threshold of 20% ensures that all models in this study have enough ice retreat area to sample the enhancement because all start with ice concentrations at least that high over substantial northern hemisphere areas. All estimates are lower bounds because they do not account for advective effects.
doi:10.2151/sola.2005-016 fatcat:hnum3tvmgneufjnu4pn72eiyhe