Relation between insulinemia, body mass index, and lipoprotein composition in healthy, nondiabetic men and women

P H Winocour, S Kaluvya, K Ramaiya, L Brown, J P Millar, M Farrer, H A Neil, M F Laker, K G Alberti
1992 Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis A Journal of Vascular Biology  
Altered lipoprotein composition may be a better predictor of cardiovascular disease than modestly increased serum lipid concentrations, although possible interactions between lipoprotein composition, obesity, and insulinemia have not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the association between different measures of insulinemia and lipoproteins in 297 healthy Caucasian men (body mass index [BMI] <27 in 233, >27 [obese] in 64) and 295 healthy Caucasian women (BMI <25 in 198, >25
more » ... e] in 97). Associations observed in both obese and nonobese men and women were between increasing tertiles of most insulin measures and serum triglyceride concentrations (p=0.079-0.004) and the ratio of low density lipoprotein to high density lipoprotein cholesterol (^=0.094-0.008). Graded reductions in the high density lipoprotein cholesterol to apolipoprotein A-I ratio were also recorded in obese women, with increasing tertiles of fasting (p=0.014-0.007) and postglucose load (p=0.001) serum insulin levels, after correcting for BMI and triglyceride concentrations. Less marked graded increases in the triglyceride to apolipoprotein B ratios were recorded in obese women with increasing tertiles of fasting (p=0.001-0.006) and postglucose challenge (p=0.081) insulinemic measures. In men with normal or slightly elevated cholesterol levels (fasting serum cholesterol <6.5 ramol/l), hyperapobetalipoproteinemia was recorded with increasing tertiles of insulinemia (/»=0.006, correcting for BMI and triglyceride concentrations), as well as in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia (fasting serum triglycerides >1.70 mmol/1) (p=0.004, correcting for BMI and age). Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance are associated with altered lipoprotein composition in obese women, presumably reflecting a complex interplay between sex hormones, body mass, and insulin action. Insulin resistance appears to be more associated with apolipoprotein B concentrations in men. The hyperinsulinemic nondiabetic subject may be at increased risk of cardiovascular disease because of altered concentrations of apolipoprotein concentrations and lipoprotein composition. (Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis 1992;12393-402) KEY WORDS • insulin • hyperinsulinemia • obesity • lipoprotein composition • apolipoproteins • high density lipoproteins • triglycerides • low density lipoproteins
doi:10.1161/01.atv.12.3.393 fatcat:ikb7x6fzxzfgdiae3tp6xujbju