A framework for event-based flood scaling analysis by hydrological modeling in data-scarce regions

Jianzhu Li, Kun Lei, Ting Zhang, Wei Zhong, Aiqing Kang, Qiushuang Ma, Ping Feng
2020 Hydrology Research  
Flood scaling theory is important for flood predictions in data-scarce regions but is often applied to quantile-based floods that have no physical mechanisms. In this study, we propose a framework for flood prediction in data-scarce regions by event-based flood scaling. After analyzing the factors controlling the flood scaling, flood events are first simulated by a hydrological model with different areally averaged rainfall events and curve number (CN) values as inputs, and the peak discharge
more » ... he peak discharge of each subcatchment is obtained. Then, the flood scaling is analyzed according to the simulated peak discharge and subcatchment area. Accordingly, the relationship curves between the scaling exponent and the two explanatory factors (rainfall intensity and CN) can be drawn. Assuming that the flood and the corresponding rainfall event have the same frequency, the scaling exponent with a specific flood frequency can be interpolated from these curves.
doi:10.2166/nh.2020.042 fatcat:sdocr4pysvhvrj6eiqzlcsbmpu