Historical Dissertations Defended in 2002

Editors Lithuanian Historical Studies
2003 Lithuanian Historical Studies  
Vilnius University). Moters statusas Lietuvos miestuose iki XVI a. vidurio: Vilniaus ir Kauno pavyzdys [The Status of Women in Lithuanian Cities in the Mid-Sixteenth Century: in Vilnius and Kaunas. In her study, the author divides her topic into two main parts. In the first she concentrates on the status of town-and city women in public urban life and analyses their legal status (the problem of legal representation, legal activity, and the guardianship aspect of urban law) and the forms of
more » ... 's economic activities (property relationships, economic activities). In the second part of the work she talks about the situation of women in the family. In order to discover this, the author uses the usual principle of women's in studies: she illuminates the situation of women by looking at the phases of familial life: daughter, wife, and widow. Here she talks about the creation of marriages, the right of inheritance, the gerade problem, and the property relationships of spouses. The research material allows the author in the end to draw the broader conclusion that due to the growth of the prerogatives of the Vilnius and Kaunas localgovernment institutions during the period under discussion it is possible to speak about the relatively real functioning of urban rights, which urban residents considered a guarantee of safer communal life. Rūstis Kamuntavičius (Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas). Lietuvos įvaizdžio stereotipai italų ir prancūzų XVI-XVII a. literatūroje [Lithuanian Stereotypes in Italian and French Literature of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries]. By stressing that the Italians and the French created a considerable number of texts about Lithuania and Poland and after selecting the descriptions of Lithuania by these authors as the principle source of his work, the author tries to ascertain how the stereotypes of Lithuanian cultural and political life and of the mentality of the inhabitants emerged, developed, and spread in Europe, the forms in which they are revealed in the literature of these countries as well as in what ways and why they changed. In this way, he seeks to reveal a broader problem, i.e. how European nations perceived one after another and why stereotypes, which made it harder LITHUANIAN HISTORICAL STUDIES 8 2003
doi:10.30965/25386565-00801010 fatcat:b23fg4ljdjfjxlbhuezacnl5v4