Impact Factor: 5.2 IJAR2016

N Rajasekhar
unpublished
Any survey of the Indian press cannot but reflect the different stages of growth and development that Indian democracy has gone through in the last sixty years, when freedom came, the press was proud of its role as the bulk of the fraternity had actively participation or contributed to the awakening of the people through different phases of the struggle against foreign rule. The press, particularly those owned by the Indians, served as an auxiliary of the freedom struggle. With each phase of
more » ... th each phase of the national movement, it moved forward and faced the consequences for doing so. The Indian press have grown rapidly but we must realize that there are some challenges to be a head. Public confidence in the media, already low and it continues to come down. The major one is some of the Indian press controlled by politicians, government, businessmen, local leaders, celebrities and biased. After independence two developments took place; first the nationalist press, though materialistically weak, got a boost and the new political elite become aware of the power of press in the running of the new edifice of the freedom. The second development was that most of the British owned newspaper establishments sold of their assets and overnight these papers become Indian owned. The change in the patron of ownership entailed new developments in the newspaper world. Introduction Any survey of the Indian press cannot but reflect the different stages of growth and development that Indian democracy has gone through in the last sixty years, when freedom came, the press was proud of its role as the bulk of the fraternity had actively participation or contributed to the awakening of the people through different phases of the struggle against foreign rule. The press, particularly those owned by the Indians, served as an auxiliary of the freedom struggle. With each phase of the national movement, it moved forward and faced the consequences for doing so. An overwhelming number of newspapers at that time were published in the Indian languages whereas the more affluent and well established were the British-owned newspapers, which was mostly reflecting the views and actions of the colonial ruler. The language newspapers also on the other hand reflecting the views and actions of the colonial ruler. The language newspapers on the other hand reflected the nationalist view point. By their very origin and activity these newspapers were extremely badly off economically. In contrast the English language papers were well-placed. The transfer of power upset this arrangement those who come to power had so long depended mainly on the language newspapers to communicate to the millions, their main weapon is fighting the foreign rule. When power was transferred from the colonial ruler to the national leaders, this linkage between the press and policies did not break down. Rather it took a new form. The press by and large supported the new dispensation; through it did not spare the rulers wherever differences arose. Particularly on the issue of the blood bath that accompanied the partitioning of the country, the press was normally divided however, after the first phase, and the press on its own formulated and accepted norms which helped strengthen a democratic approach untainted by communal hatred. Although this paper has not yet been written down its importance can hardly be minimised. It has to be said that at a time when the Indian leaders themselves were divided over the wisdom of agreeing to the partitioning of the country is worth noting that apart from giving news report the press as a
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