Whole Exome Sequencing Reveals a Novel AUTS2 In-Frame Deletion in a Boy with Global Developmental Delay, Absent Speech, Dysmorphic Features, and Cerebral Anomalies
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are a group of highly prevalent, clinically and genetically heterogeneous pediatric disorders comprising, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-V), intellectual disability, developmental delay, autism spectrum disorders, and other neurological and cognitive disorders manifesting in the developmental age. To date, more than 1000 genes have been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of NNDs. Among them, AUTS2 (OMIM
... g them, AUTS2 (OMIM # 607270) encodes a protein involved in neural migration and neuritogenesis, and causes NNDs with different molecular mechanisms including copy number variations, single or multiple exonic deletion and single nucleotide variants. We describes a 9-year-old boy with global developmental delay, absent speech, minor craniofacial anomalies, hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis and thinning of the corpus callosum, resulted carrier of the de novo AUTS2 c.1603_1626del deletion at whole exome sequencing (WES) predicted to cause the loss of eight amino acids [p.(His535_Thr542del)]. Notably, our patient is the first reported so far in medical literature carrying an in-frame deletion and the first in which absent language, hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis and thinning of the corpus callosum has been observed thus useful to expand the molecular spectrum of AUTS2 pathogenic variants and to broaden our knowledge on the clinical phenotype associated.