Simultaneous Progressing Switching Protocols for Timing Predictable Real-Time Network-on-Chips [article]

Niklas Ueter, Georg von der Brueggen, Jian-Jia Chen, Tulika Mitra, and Vanchinathan Venkataramani
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Many-core systems require inter-core communication, and network-on-chips (NoCs) have been demonstrated to provide good scalability. However, not only the distributed structure but also the link switching on the NoCs have imposed a great challenge in the design and analysis for real-time systems. With scalability and flexibility in mind, the existing link switching protocols usually consider each single link to be scheduled independently, e.g., the worm-hole switching protocol. The flexibility
more » ... such link-based arbitrations allows each packet to be distributed over multiple routers but also increases the number of possible link states (the number of flits in a buffer) that have to be considered in the worst-case timing analysis. For achieving timing predictability, we propose less flexible switching protocols, called Progressing Switching Protocols (SP^2), in which the links used by a flow either all simultaneously transmit one flit (if it exists) of this flow or none of them transmits any flit of this flow. Such an all-or-nothing property of the SP^2 relates the scheduling behavior on the network to the uniprocessor self-suspension scheduling problem. We provide rigorous proofs which confirm the equivalence of these two problems. Moreover, our approaches are not limited to any specific underlying routing protocols, which are usually constructed for deadlock avoidance instead of timing predictability. We demonstrate the analytical dominance of the fixed-priority SP^2 over some of the existing sufficient schedulability analysis for fixed-priority wormhole switched network-on-chips.
arXiv:1909.09457v2 fatcat:gk7ud22uyzgytgeu35262nukxm