Assessing Disaggregated SMAP Soil Moisture Products in the United States

Liu Pang-Wei, Rajat Bindlish, Bin Fang, Venkataraman Lakshmi, Peggy E Oneill, Zhengwei Yang, Michael Cosh, Tara Bongiovanni, David D. Bosch, Chandra Holifield Collins, Patrick Starks, John Prueger (+2 others)
2021 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
A soil moisture (SM) disaggregation algorithm based on thermal inertia (TI) theory was implemented to downscale the soil moisture active passive (SMAP) enhanced product (SPL2SMP_E) from 9 to 1 km over the continental United States. The algorithm applies land surface temperature and normalized difference vegetation index from moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) at higher spatial resolution to estimate relative soil wetness within a coarse SMAP grid-this MODISderived relative
more » ... ness is then used to produce the downscaled SMAP SM. Results from the algorithm were evaluated in terms of their spatio-temporal coverage and accuracy using in situ measurements from SMAP core validation sites (CVS), the U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN), and the Manuscript . Results were also compared with the baseline SPL2SMP_E and the SMAP/Sentinel-1 (SPL2SMAP_S) 1 km product. Overall, the unbiased root-mean-square error (ubRMSE) of the disaggregated SM at the CVS using the TI approach is approximately 0.04 m 3 /m 3 , which is the SMAP mission requirement for the baseline products. The TI approach outperforms the SMAP/Sentinel SL2SMAP_S 1 km product by approximately 0.02 m 3 /m 3 . Over the agriculture/crop areas from SCAN and CRN sparse network stations, the TI approach exhibits better ubRMSE compared to SPL2SMP_E and SPL2SMAP_S by about 0.01 and 0.02 m 3 /m 3 , indicating its advantage in these areas. However, a drawback of this approach is that there are data gaps due to cloud cover as optical sensors cannot have a clear view of the land surface.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2021.3056001 fatcat:e23fjulwjjbxhe3xafg6fycgku