Periacetabular osteotomy in the treatment of neurogenic acetabular dysplasia

S. J. MacDonald, O. Hersche, R. Ganz
1999 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery  
W e carried out the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy for the treatment of 13 dysplastic hips in 11 skeletally mature patients with an underlying neurological diagnosis. Seven hips had flaccid paralysis and six were spastic. The mean age at the time of surgery was 23 years and the mean length of follow-up was 6.4 years. Preoperatively, 11 hips had pain and two had progressive subluxation. Before operation the mean Tönnis angle was 33°, the mean centre-edge angle was -10°, and the mean extrusion
more » ... ndex was 53%. Postoperatively, they were 8°, 25° and 15%, respectively. Pain was eliminated in 7 patients and reduced in four in those who had preoperative pain. One patient developed pain secondary to anterior impingement from excessive retroversion of the acetabulum. Four required a varus proximal femoral osteotomy at the time of the pelvic procedure and one a late varus proximal femoral osteotomy for progressive subluxation. Before operation no patient had arthritis. At the most recent follow-up one had early arthritis of the hip (Tönnis grade I) and one had advanced arthritis (Tönnis grade III). Our results suggest that the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy can be used successfully to treat neurogenic acetabular dysplasia in skeletally mature patients. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 1999;81-B:975-8.
doi:10.1302/0301-620x.81b6.0810975 fatcat:hly3vp5ldfcvbnticia56y4jke