Closed loop stimulation and accelerometer-based rate adaptation: results of the PROVIDE study

M. Coenen, K. Malinowski, W. Spitzer, A. Schuchert, D. Schmitz, M. Anelli-Monti, S. K.G. Maier, W. Estlinbaum, A. Bauer, H. Muehling, F. Kalscheur, K. Puerner (+2 others)
2008 Europace  
Aims We compared pacing rate adaptation based on closed loop stimulation (CLS) or accelerometer sensor (AS) during acute mental and physical stress in the same patient. Methods and results One month after Protos (Biotronik, Germany) pacemaker implantation, 131 chronotropically incompetent patients were randomized to AS or CLS for 3 months with crossover. Arithmetic and 6 min walk tests were performed in the non-rate-adaptive mode and AS and CLS rate-adaptive modes, respectively. At the end,
more » ... ly. At the end, patients had to select the individually preferred pacemaker sensor. Heart rate during mental stress was higher (3.0 + 9.2 bpm) in the CLS than in the AS mode (P ¼ 0.004). Benefit in the walking distance compared with non-rate-adaptive pacing was similar for the two modes: added 27 + 96 m (AS, P ¼ 0.013) and 30 + 116 m (CLS, P ¼ 0.025). At the end of the walk, heart rate was higher by 4.8 + 21.4 bpm in AS than in CLS (P ¼ 0.049). Twice as many patients preferred CLS over AS (P , 0.01). Conclusion The arithmetic test was associated with a significantly higher heart rate for CLS than for AS, showing a greater sensitivity of CLS-based rate adaptation to mental stress. Performance during physical stress was comparable. Patients preferred CLS.
doi:10.1093/europace/eun024 pmid:18272507 fatcat:nkyujnnm7fhp7euobj37uc44ei