Influence of coenzyme A-independent transacylase and cyclooxygenase inhibitors on the proliferation of breast cancer cells
Recent studies have demonstrated that arachidonic acid (AA) may serve as an important signal that blocks cell proliferation of certain neoplastic cells. The current study was conducted to determine whether disruption of AA homeostasis influences breast cancer cell proliferation and death. Initial experiments revealed that inhibition of AA remodeling through membrane phospholipids by inhibitors of the enzyme, coenzyme A-independent transacylase (CoA-IT), attenuates the proliferation of the
... ration of the estrogen receptor-negative, MDA-MB-231, and estrogen receptor-positive, MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines. This growth inhibition was accompanied by a marked accumulation of AA in both free fatty acid and triglyceride forms, a marker of intracellular AA stress within mammalian cells. Cell cycle synchronization experiments revealed that the CoA-IT inhibitor, SB-98625, blocked MDA-MB-231 cell replication in early to mid G1 phase. Time-lapse video microscopy, used to observe the changes in cell morphology associated with apoptosis, indicated that SB-98625 treatment induced early rounding and occasional blebbing but not late apoptotic events, blistering, and lysis. The cyclooxygenase inhibitors, NS-398 and indomethacin, were found to be less potent blockers of cell proliferation and poor inducers of cellular AA accumulation than CoA-IT inhibitors in these breast cancer cell lines. Finally, AA provided exogenously blocked the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, and this effect could be attenuated in MCF-7 cells overexpressing the glutathione peroxidase gene, GSHPx-1. Taken together, these experiments suggest that disruption of AA remodeling in a manner that increases intracellular AA may represent a novel therapeutic strategy to reduce cancer cell proliferation and that an oxidized AA metabolite is likely to mediate this effect.