Sequence of the Most Informative Joints (SMIJ): A new representation for human skeletal action recognition

Ferda Ofli, Rizwan Chaudhry, Gregorij Kurillo, Rene Vidal, Ruzena Bajcsy
2012 2012 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops  
Much of the existing work on action recognition combines simple features (e.g., joint angle trajectories, optical flow, spatio-temporal video features) with somewhat complex classifiers or dynamical models (e.g., kernel SVMs, HMMs, LDSs, deep belief networks). Although successful, these approaches represent an action with a set of parameters that usually do not have any physical meaning. As a consequence, such approaches do not provide any qualitative insight that relates an action to the
more » ... motion of the body or its parts. For example, it is not necessarily the case that clapping can be correlated to hand motion or that walking can be correlated to a specific combination of motions from the feet, arms and body. In this paper, we propose a new representation of human actions called Sequence of the Most Informative Joints (SMIJ), which is extremely easy to interpret. At each time instant, we automatically select a few skeletal joints that are deemed to be the most informative for performing the current action. The selection of joints is based on highly interpretable measures such as the mean or variance of joint angles, maximum angular velocity of joints, etc. We then represent an action as a sequence of these most informative joints. Our experiments on multiple databases show that the proposed representation is very discriminative for the task of human action recognition and performs better than several state-of-the-art algorithms.
doi:10.1109/cvprw.2012.6239231 dblp:conf/cvpr/OfliCKVB12 fatcat:vby5tpdxpba2vfh3jczvm347fu