Formal Reasoning about Physical Properties of Security Protocols

David Basin, Srdjan Capkun, Patrick Schaller, Benedikt Schmidt
2011 ACM Transactions on Privacy and Security  
Traditional security protocols are mainly concerned with authentication and key establishment and rely on predistributed keys and properties of cryptographic operators. In contrast, new application areas are emerging that establish and rely on properties of the physical world. Examples include protocols for secure localization, distance bounding, and secure time synchronization. We present a formal model for modeling and reasoning about such physical security protocols. Our model extends
more » ... d, inductive, trace-based, symbolic approaches with a formalization of physical properties of the environment, namely communication, location, and time. In particular, communication is subject to physical constraints, for example, message transmission takes time determined by the communication medium used and the distance between nodes. All agents, including intruders, are subject to these constraints and this results in a distributed intruder with restricted, but more realistic, communication capabilities than those of the standard Dolev-Yao intruder. We have formalized our model in Isabelle/HOL and have used it to verify protocols for authenticated ranging, distance bounding, broadcast authentication based on delayed key disclosure, and time synchronization.
doi:10.1145/2019599.2019601 fatcat:yqrntfith5f6hayv5i7iwo5fta