Induction of tumor necrosis factor-alpha messenger RNA in human and murine cells by the flavone acetic acid analogue 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (NSC 640488)

L M Ching, W R Joseph, K E Crosier, B C Baguley
1994 Cancer Research  
The investigational antitumor agent, 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (5,6-MeXAA; NSC 640488) induced greater expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA in murine spleen cells in vivo at its optimal dose of 27.5 mg/kg than flavone acetic acid (FAA; NSC 347512) at its optimal dose of 220 mg/kg. Up-regulation of TNF-alpha mRNA was obtained using 5,6-MeXAA in vitro in cultures of murine splenocytes, the murine J774 macrophage cell line, and the human HL-60 myelomonocytic
more » ... a cell line. Maximal induction occurred at a 5,6-MeXAA concentration of 200 micrograms/ml for both murine J774 and human HL-60 cells. A direct comparison of FAA and 5,6-MeXAA (100-600 micrograms/ml) to stimulate TNF-alpha mRNA in HL-60 cells showed activity by 5,6-MeXAA at all doses but minimal activity with FAA. The results demonstrate that 5,6-MeXAA is equally potent in up-regulating TNF-alpha mRNA in human and murine cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, whereas FAA has demonstrable activity in murine cells only. The results suggest that 5,6-MeXAA would be a more active clinical agent than FAA because TNF-alpha induction appears to be a critical factor in the antitumor effects of this class of compounds.
pmid:8313372 fatcat:deufnevvjzhgvhjzzty6cnb7gq