Experimental and Numerical Study on Ice Blockage Performance of Propeller in Cavitation Flow
Li Zhou, Sijie Zheng, Feng Diao, Shifeng Ding, Junliang Gao
Cavitation greatly affects the ice blockage performance of propellers in polar areas, while the combined effect of cavitation and ice blockage on propellers has rarely been considered. In this work, the propeller model test in the cavitation tunnel and the viscous flow CFD numerical simulation based on RANS were conducted. In the cavitation tunnel test, the ice blockage model was simulated by a water-insoluble rectangular solid block, and the ice blockage was measured by the distance between
... solid block and the propeller. The thrust and torque in tests and simulations were discussed under the uniform flow and ice blockage scenarios, as well as the variation of cavitation excitation force, pressure distribution of blades, cavitation characteristics and vortex intensity with advance coefficient when σn = 1.5, L/D = 0.15 in an ice blockage environment. The research shows that the numerical simulation results based on overlapping grids are in good agreement with the model test results, and the mean hydrodynamic errors are within 5%. In the uniform flow test, when the advance coefficient is small, the thrust and torque of the propeller will experience a sharp drop due to the influence of heavy cavitation. In the ice blockage test, the thrust and torque increase with the decrease of ice-propeller spacing, and the ice blockage becomes more serious as the cavitation grows. The propeller oscillates violently due to the cavitation excitation force, and the oscillation frequency increases with the increase of the advance coefficient. The cavitation is generated in the low-pressure area of the suction surface, and the cavitation shape captured in the present numerical simulation is consistent with the experimental phenomenon. Since the cavitation reduces the contact area between the water and the blade, the vortex strength will be reduced for the attachment of cavitation, and the vortex strength increases with the increase of the advance coefficient. This study will explore more hydrodynamic regularities with ice-class propellers in an ice blockage environment when cavitation occurrs, and provide technical support for the design of propellers of polar ships.