Short-Period Temporal Dispersion Repolarization Markers Predict 30-Days Mortality in Decompensated Heart Failure
Journal of Clinical Medicine
and Objectives: Electrocardiographic (ECG) markers of the temporal dispersion of the myocardial repolarization phase have been shown able to identify chronic heart failure (CHF) patients at high mortality risk. The present prospective single-center study sought to investigate in a well-characterized cohort of decompensated heart failure (HF) patients the ability of short-term myocardial temporal dispersion ECG variables in predicting the 30-day mortality, as well as their relationship with
... ationship with N-terminal Pro Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) plasmatic values. Method: One hundred and thirteen subjects (male: 59, 67.8%) with decompensated CHF underwent 5 min of ECG recording, via a mobile phone. We obtained QT end (QTe), QT peak (QTp) and T peak to T end (Te) and calculated the mean, standard deviation (SD), and normalized index (VN). Results: Death occurred for 27 subjects (24%) within 30 days after admission. Most of the repolarization indexes (QTe mean (p < 0.05), QTeSD (p < 0.01), QTpSD (p < 0.05), mean Te (p < 0.05), TeSD (p < 0.001) QTeVN (p < 0.05) and TeVN (p < 0.01)) were significantly higher in those CHF patients with the highest NT-proBNP (>75th percentile). In all the ECG data, only TeSD was significantly and positively related to the NT-proBNP levels (r: 0.471; p < 0.001). In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the highest accuracy for 30-day mortality was found for QTeSD (area under curve, AUC: 0.705, p < 0.01) and mean Te (AUC: 0.680, p < 0.01), whereas for the NT-proBNP values higher than the 75th percentile, the highest accuracy was found for TeSD (AUC: 0.736, p < 0.001) and QTeSD (AUC: 0.696, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Both mean Te and TeSD could be considered as reliable markers of worsening HF and of 30-day mortality. Although larger and possibly interventional studies are needed to confirm our preliminary finding, these non-invasive and transmissible ECG parameters could be helpful in the remote monitoring of advanced HF patients and, possibly, in their clinical management. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04127162).