In vivo oxidation of [9-14C] cyclic fatty acids derived from linolenic acid in the rat

Lionel Bretillon, Olivier Loreau, Jean-Louis Sébédio, Frédéric Taran
2006 Reproduction nutrition development (Print)  
In vivo oxidation of [9-14C] cyclic fatty acids derived from linolenic acid in the rat. Abstract -Heating oils and fats may lead to cyclization of polyunsaturated fatty acids, as for example linolenic acid. Cyclohexenyl and cyclopentenyl fatty acids are subsequently present in some edible oils and these are suspected to induce metabolic disorders. In a previous experiment using [1-14 C] labeled molecules, we published that these cyclic fatty acids are beta oxidized to the same extent as
more » ... e extent as linolenic acid, at least for the first cycle of beta oxidation. However, it is possible that the presence of a ring could alter the ability of the organism to fully oxidize the molecule. In order to test this hypothesis, we assessed the oxidative metabolism of cyclic fatty acids carrying a 14 C atom at the vicinity of the ring. For this purpose, rats were force-fed from 1.1 to 1.3 MBq of a representative fraction of dietary cyclohexenyl cyclic fatty acid monomers of [9-14 C] 9-(6-propyl-cyclohex-3enyl)-non-8-enoic acids and 14 CO 2 production was monitored for 24h. The animals were then necropsied and the radioactivity was determined in different tissues. No consistent radioactivity was recovered as 14 CO 2 24h after administration of the molecules. Sixty percent of the radioactivity was recovered in the urine and 30% in the gastrointestinal tract. By combining our previous data on the oxidation of [1-14 C] cyclic fatty acids and the present results, we suggest that cyclohexenyl fatty acids are first beta oxidized in a similar way as linolenic acid and that the remaining molecule carrying the ring is detoxified and eliminated in the urine and feces. cyclic fatty acid monomers / linolenic acid / oxidation
doi:10.1051/rnd:2006008 pmid:16597424 fatcat:obsg3vwyzjfa3p2pkpqtcaewju