Classification of a known sequence of motions and postures from accelerometry data using adapted Gaussian mixture models

Felicity R Allen, Eliathamby Ambikairajah, Nigel H Lovell, Branko G Celler
2006 Physiological Measurement  
Accelerometry shows promise in providing an inexpensive but effective means of long-term ambulatory monitoring of elderly patients. The accurate classification of everyday movements should allow such a monitoring system to exhibit greater 'intelligence', improving its ability to detect and predict falls by forming a more specific picture of the activities of a person and thereby allowing more accurate tracking of the health parameters associated with those activities. With this in mind, this
more » ... dy aims to develop more robust and effective methods for the classification of postures and motions from data obtained using a single, waist-mounted, triaxial accelerometer; in particular, aiming to improve the flexibility and generality of the monitoring system, making it better able to detect and identify short-duration movements and more adaptable to a specific person or device. Two movement classification methods were investigated: a rule-based Heuristic system and a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) based system. A novel time-domain feature extraction method is proposed for the GMM system to allow better detection of short-duration movements. A method for adapting the GMMs to compensate for the problem of limited user-specific training data is also proposed and investigated. Classification performance was considered in relation to data gathered in an unsupervised, directed routine conducted in a three-month field trial involving six elderly subjects. The GMM system was found to achieve a mean accuracy of 91.3%, distinguishing between three postures (sitting, standing and lying) and five movements (sit-tostand, stand-to-sit, lie-to-stand, stand-to-lie and walking), compared to 71.1% achieved by the Heuristic system. The adaptation method was found to offer a mean accuracy of 92.2%; a relative improvement of 20.2% over tests without
doi:10.1088/0967-3334/27/10/001 pmid:16951454 fatcat:ahshwwoguvaktffcuudchbiouq