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Much effort has been dedicated to text-based traffic sign detection and recognition. However, there are still two problems. First, unlike English traffic signs with only horizontal text, Chinese traffic signs have both horizontal and vertical text. To the best of our knowledge, there is nothing in the literature about simultaneous recognition of both horizontal and vertical text in Chinese text-based traffic signs. Second, most existing methods focus on wild and expressway scenes; few focus ondoi:10.1109/access.2020.2986500 fatcat:mz7pv5nuezedzjqygisbtjj6xu