Low-Complexity Compressed Sensing Downlink Channel Estimation for Multi-Antenna Terminals in FDD Massive MIMO Systems

Danfeng Zhao, Tongzhou Han
2020 IEEE Access  
In frequency division duplexing (FDD) massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, the overhead of downlink channel estimation is complex in terms of the pilot overhead, the calculation cost and the estimation process. In this paper, we propose a low-complexity downlink channel estimation scheme based on compressed sensing for mobile multi-antenna terminals. In the scheme, the mobile terminal estimates the downlink massive MIMO channel and utilises the characteristics of the spatial
more » ... arsity of the massive MIMO channel to reduce the feedback overhead by feeding back the nonzero value of the sparse channel. Specifically, we propose a low-complexity estimation algorithm based on compressive sensing for multi-antenna terminals to reduce the computational overhead of the terminal. Since different antennas of a terminal share the same support set, the algorithm estimates multiple indices per iteration, collecting the estimated indices of different antennas at the end of each iteration, thereby reducing the total number of iterations of the algorithm. Then, we derive a halting condition for a greedy algorithm that stops the iteration process according to the residual energy. The simulation results illustrate the efficiency of the halting condition for the greedy algorithm and the low complexity of the proposed algorithm. In contrast to different greedy algorithms and the Bayesian algorithm, the proposed algorithm has a complexity that decreases as the number of terminal antennas. INDEX TERMS Channel estimation, FDD, Greedy algorithm, large-scale MIMO.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3008175 fatcat:uej5qq4aurhund2bwh6tqzi6zu