Removal of Emulsified Oil from Aqueous Environment by Using Polyvinylpyrrolidone-Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles
In recent years, a large amount of emulsified oily wastewaters were produced from petroleum and food industries, resulting in severe environmental problems. In this study, a series of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were prepared via one-step solvothermal method by introducing various amounts or types of PVP. The synthesized MNPs were characterized by multiple techniques, and their demulsification performances were evaluated in petrochemical and vegetable
... cal and vegetable oil wastewaters, respectively. Results showed that the introduction of PVP in solvothermal process could significantly enhance the demulsification efficiency of MNPs, although excessive addition of PVP could not further increase its efficiency. Moreover, the effects of pH, surfactant concentration of wastewater, and the recycle number of MNPs on the demulsification performance were investigated in detail. It was found that the demulsification efficiency decreased with the increase of pH and surfactant concentration, and the synthetic MNPs were still effective after being reused for 5 cycles under acidic and neutral conditions. It is expected that the development of the PVP-coated MNPs can provide a simple and powerful route for the oily wastewater treatment.