The Crisis and the Changing Face of the State
Athens Journal of Social Sciences
This paper provides a broad reflection on the transformation of State power in times of crisis. Starting from the extensive sociological literature that has been produced on this topic, this paper aims to answer questions such as: how does the crisis affect and (if at all) change the role of the State? Is a crisis an opportunity for the State to recover some of its historical powers? Or does it result in its definitive decline? Which kind of State emerges, during a time of crisis, in southern
... isis, in southern European countries? In order to answer these questions, this paper introduces the notion of the State as conceptualised in the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu. Based on this strong categorical perspective, this paper discusses and takes a stand between the two "parties", i.e., those that advocate the end of the State and those who demand a greater presence of this political institution in times of crisis. What emerges, in our analysis, is a different perspective of the State: a State unlocked from the nation and outside of a territorial trap, a State as a flexible and adaptable construction, not necessarily a coherent, unitary and autonomous actor. The paper ends with some reflections on the concept of crisis.