Analyze and Design of Sewer System in Randal Village as a Case Study

Seema Shiyekar
2017 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
A detailed study on domestic waste water characterization has been performed followed by the design of sewage treatment The present study involves the analysis of pHvalue, total solids, total suspended solids, hardness, acidity, alkalinity chloride, chlorine, BOD,DO and heavy metals such as Iron, Copper, Zinc, Magnesium, Nickel, chromium, Lead, Calcium, Aluminium, Silicon, potassium. A Sewage treatment plant is quite necessary to receive the domestic and commercial wastes and removes the
more » ... removes the materials which pose harm for general public. Its objective is to produce an environmental safe fluid waste stream and solid waste suitable for disposal or reuse. The average values of pH, chloride, acidity, turbidity, residual chlorine, alkalinity, DO, Total Solids, BOD, Hardness are found out. A sewage treatment plant has been designed with the treatment units such as bar screen of dimension 1.7m, an aeration tank of dimension 4.5x4.5x3.7m3,a collection pit of diameter 4m and depth 5m.The samplings of the domestic waste from hostel and college have been collected in different times of the day to have an average data of the measured parameters. A sewage treatment plant has been designed with the treatment units, a bar screen of dimension 4.5x4.5x3.7m. The increasing demand for water in combination with frequent drought periods, even in areas traditionally rich in water resources, puts at risk the sustainability of current living standards. In industrialized countries, widespread shortage of water is caused due to contamination of ground and surface water by industrial effluents, and agricultural chemicals. In many developing countries, industrial pollution is less common, though they are severe near large urban centres. However, untreated or partially-treated sewage poses an acute water pollution problem that causes low water availability. Global trends such as urbanization and migration have increased the demand for water, food and energy. Development of human societies is heavily dependent upon availability of water with suitable quality and in adequate quantities, for a variety of uses ranging from domestic to industrial supplies and Rapid industrialization is adversely Impacting the environment globally. Pollution by inappropriate management of industrial wastewater is one of the major environmental problems in India as well, especially with small scale industrial sector in the country.
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2017.4162 fatcat:u2nrm4v5bjge3m6yb3d4fqycue