Delay Composition Algebra: A Reduction-Based Schedulability Algebra for Distributed Real-Time Systems
2008 Real-Time Systems Symposium
This paper presents the delay composition algebra: a set of simple operators for systematic transformation of distributed real-time task systems into single-resource task systems such that schedulability properties of the original system are preserved. The transformation allows performing schedulability analysis on distributed systems using uniprocessor theory and analysis tools. Reduction-based analyses techniques have been used in other contexts such as control theory and circuit theory, by
... ircuit theory, by defining rules to compose together components of the system and reducing them into equivalent single components that can be easily analyzed. This paper is the first to develop such reduction rules for distributed real-time systems. By successively applying operators such as PIPE and SPLIT on operands that represent workload on composed subsystems, we show how a distributed task system can be reduced to an equivalent single resource task set from which the end-to-end delay and schedulability of tasks can be inferred. We show through simulations that the proposed analysis framework is less pessimistic with increasing system scale compared to traditional approaches.