Parallel Algorithms for Constrained Tensor Factorization via Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers

Athanasios P. Liavas, Nicholas D. Sidiropoulos
2015 IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  
Tensor factorization has proven useful in a wide range of applications, from sensor array processing to communications, speech and audio signal processing, and machine learning. With few recent exceptions, all tensor factorization algorithms were originally developed for centralized, in-memory computation on a single machine; and the few that break away from this mold do not easily incorporate practically important constraints, such as nonnegativity. A new constrained tensor factorization
more » ... ork is proposed in this paper, building upon the Alternating Direction method of Multipliers (ADMoM). It is shown that this simplifies computations, bypassing the need to solve constrained optimization problems in each iteration; and it naturally leads to distributed algorithms suitable for parallel implementation on regular high-performance computing (e.g., mesh) architectures. This opens the door for many emerging big data-enabled applications. The methodology is exemplified using nonnegativity as a baseline constraint, but the proposed framework can more-or-less readily incorporate many other types of constraints. Numerical experiments are very encouraging, indicating that the ADMoM-based nonnegative tensor factorization (NTF) has high potential as an alternative to state-of-the-art approaches.
doi:10.1109/tsp.2015.2454476 fatcat:z2yhxvgnibd57ne2dkd2hwqhvi