Influence of Solar Disturbances on Galactic Cosmic Rays in the Solar Wind, Heliosheath, and Local Interstellar Medium: Advanced Composition Explorer, New Horizons, and Voyager Observations
We augment the heliospheric network of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) monitors using 2012-2017 penetrating radiation measurements from the New Horizons (NH) Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI), obtaining intensities of 75 MeV particles. The new, predominantly GCR observations provide critical links between the Sun andVoyager 2 and Voyager 1 (V2 and V1), in the heliosheath and local interstellar medium (LISM), respectively. We provide NH, Advanced Composition
... Composition Explorer (ACE), V2, and V1 GCR observations, using them to track solar cycle variations and short-term Forbush decreases from the Sun to the LISM, and to examine the interaction that results in the surprising, previously reported V1 LISM anisotropy episodes. To investigate these episodes and the hitherto unexplained lagging of associated in situ shock features at V1, propagating disturbances seen at ACE, NH, and V2 were compared to V1. We conclude that the region where LISM magnetic field lines drape around the heliopause is likely critical for communicating solar disturbance signals upstream of the heliosheath to V1. We propose that the anisotropy-causing physical process that suppresses intensities at ∼90°pitch angles relies on GCRs escaping from a single compression in the draping region,not on GCRs trapped between two compressions. We also show that NH suprathermal and energetic particle data from PEPSSI are consistent with the interpretation that traveling shocks and corotating interaction region (CIR) remnants can be distinguished by the existence or lack of Forbush decreases, respectively, because turbulent magnetic fields at local shocks inhibit GCR transport while older CIR structures reaching the outer heliosphere do not.