Incidence of emerging multidrug-resistant organisms and its impact on the outcome in the pediatric intensive care

Ahmed R. Rezk, Somaia Abdelhammed Bawady, Nashwa Naguib Omar
2021 Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette  
Background Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) are a worldwide threat in intensive care units particularly in the pediatric intensive care units with a major cause of morbidity and mortality among this age group. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and risk factors predisposing to multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) infections among pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients at Ain Shams Pediatric University Hospitals as well as determining mortality and morbidity rates
more » ... along with the length of stay at PICU. Results Culture results revealed that of the 282 patients evaluated, only 26 (9.2%) were MDROs (half of the affected patients had Acinetobacter species (50%) and the rest of them were free, 256 (90.8%). Our study revealed that the majority of MDROs were isolated from sputum in more than half of the patients 19/32 (59.3%) followed by whole blood in 10/32 (31.2%) and urine in 3/32 (9.4%). Pulmonary system was the most common affected site and was mainly colonized by MDR Acinetobacter (71.4%) followed by MDR Klebsiella (41.6%). Regarding MDR risk factors in our PICU, multivariate logistic regression analyses showed significant relationship between MDROs and age under 1 year (odds ratio [OR] 2.4554; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] (1.072–5.625); p = 0.043) and underlying pulmonary disease (OR 2.417; 95% CI (1.014–5.761); p = 0.592). A statistically significant higher mortality was detected in patients colonized with MDROs 9/26 (34.6%) versus MDROs non-colonized patients 32/256 (12.5%) [P=0.002]. Moreover, MDROs infection has negative significant risk with discharged patients ([OR] 0.269; [95% CI] (0.111–0.656); p = 0.002). Additionally, patients infected with MDROs did have significantly greater PICU stay than those non-infected [median (IQR), 16.5 (10.7–22), 5 (4–8), P=0.00] and have longer ventilation [median (IQR), 15.5 (10–18), 3 (2–10), P=0.00]. Conclusion Prevalence of MDROs (9.2%) was low among PICU cases at Ain Shams University Hospitals. Most common MDROs were Acinetobacter and Klebsiella followed by pseudomonas species. The frequency of gram-negative organisms is much more common than gram-positive organisms. An increasing rate of antimicrobial resistance with increasing mortality and morbidity among PICU patients is observed worldwide; even for new categories, so, strict infection control programs should be implemented.
doi:10.1186/s43054-021-00071-1 fatcat:kwxfjd5bizfzzle7lva3dpc4ge