Combination of experimental and numerical approaches to determine the main characteristics of skimming flow in stepped spillways

Lucas Camargo da Silva Tassinari, Daniela Guzzon Sanagiotto, Marcelo Giulian Marques, Luísa Lüdtke Lauffer, Edgar Fernando Trierweiler Neto
2020 Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos  
The traditional approach for the hydrodynamic characterization of the flow down stepped spillways is through physical modeling, which is susceptible to scale effects and has limitations related to experimental apparatus, laboratory space and the spatial discretization of data collection. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is an important tool for hydrodynamic analysis because, if used properly, it presents great potential for application in hydraulics. In this work, CFD was used to model the
more » ... sed to model the skimming flow down a stepped spillway to investigate the effects of possible pressure measurement errors due to uncertainties in the position of the sensors within the steps. The numerical model was validated through literature velocity profiles and pressure experimental data. The results showed that the best values of water fraction (α) to define free surface are α = 0.30 in the nonaerated region and α = 0.10 in the aerated region. Statistical parameters were calculated using experimental data to estimate extreme pressures. These parameters and the simulation results were used to determine that the extreme maximum and minimum pressures occur, respectively, in the region of 0.81 < x/l < 0.98, in the horizontal faces, and in the region of 0.93 < y/h < 0.98, in the vertical faces.
doi:10.1590/2318-0331.252020190070 fatcat:4c4jzxnyq5ftrdxm3zgexvc4r4