Coexistence of hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer
Hipertiroidizm ile tiroid kanseri birlikteliği

Fatih Taşkesen
2014 Dicle Medical Journal  
Objective: Thyroid cancer can be associated with thyrotoxicosis caused by Graves' disease, toxic multinodular goiter, or toxic nodular goiter. The aim of this study was considered to be endemic in our region have received the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer is detected thyroidectomy performed and patients were retrospectively evaluate. Methods: We retrospectively studied 69 patients assessed for hyperthyroidism between 2006 and 2012. Clinical hyperthyroidism was diagnosed by
more » ... diagnosed by elevated triiodothyronine/thyroxine (T3/T4) ratios and low thyroidstimulating hormone (TSH) levels, with clinical signs and symptoms. The criteria for surgery were cytological evidence of malignancy, a goiter causing symptoms of tracheal or esophageal compression, side effects of antithyroid drug therapy, or Graves' disease with multiple relapses after therapy withdrawal or responsiveness to antithyroid drugs. Results: Totally 69 patients were included. In 20 (28.9%) patients there was toxic multinodular goiter, in 28 (40.6%) Graves's disease, and in 21 (30.5%) patients there was toxic nodular goiter. Of these patients, 12 (17.4%) had thyroid cancer. Conclusion: As a result; low likelihood of malignancy in patients with hyperthyroidism, though suspicious lesions detected in the lymph nodes and neck adenopathies be examined in detail.
doi:10.5798/diclemedj.0921.2014.02.0432 fatcat:6esvfxskpvgpxks7yu5z6zqix4