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Efficacy of a virtual reality–based basic and clinical fused curriculum for clinical education on the lumbar intervertebral disc
OBJECTIVE Today, minimally invasive procedures have become mainstream surgical procedures. Percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) requires profound knowledge of the laparoscopic lumbar anatomy. Immersive virtual reality (VR) provides three-dimensional patient-specific models to help in the process of preclinical surgical preparation. In this study, the authors investigated the efficacy of VR application in LDH for training orthopedic residents anddoi:10.3171/2021.5.focus20756 pmid:34333480 fatcat:wapbq5mt2fbs5c3rjbxzwe4dva