The Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Iranian Olive Industrial Cluster
Journal of Agricultural Science
The cluster development method is one of the successful developing methods in agricultural industries section and small industries, which is based on communication and creation cooperation network between cluster beneficiaries by increasing the social capital. In this research the data were collected by using census two stage survey from olive industrial units in mentioned geographical zone(North Iran) in 2007. The results of this research showed that the social capital in some of beneficiaries
... me of beneficiaries groups is weak and brittle, but because of their statements there is background of cooperation and increase of their social capital. After recognition and strengthening the effective factors on increase of social capital, can prepare the background for developing of new connective and informative technologies. Naturally economic discompetition of units, diseconomies of scale, negative competition in industry and the other problems which are investigated in the olive industrial cluster is resulting from the lack of information and connection between cluster actives. The aim of industrial cluster method is increasing the cooperation network between cluster members by increasing the communication and information which by increase in using information and communication technology will fallow social capital and then industrial cluster development method. 1: The beneficiaries have a connection with together which this connection is obligatory and their goal is based on necessity and providing the personal profit. 2: The beneficiaries, based on the existing short history have a positive relation with a tendency to cooperation in the direction of profits of total cluster. 3: The beneficiaries have an excellent relation with considerable effect on the total cluster. According to the collected data, the amount of communication and the level of social capital are investigated by the variables like the knowledge and awareness level of managers of the units, the size of units, cash capital of units, the age of the managers of units, the amount of familiarity of units with electronic communicative tools like website and email. The referring times to supporter structures like agri-Jahad ministry, industries organization and etc, the referring times to investigative centers and doing the team working in the formation mould and etc with the results are reported in the table3. As the same as showed in the table3, there is a reverse relation between age and the confidence level rate and communication and it is significant at five percent level. In the other word the younger manager have a greater tendency to the relation and using the communicative tools to accessing the knowledge. The numbers of team working of individuals also showed a negative significant relation. The reason can be explained by the negative competition between the cluster beneficiaries which in practice confront their actions with the defeat-defeat law and so create a severe pessimism for them. The other factors were showed in the table have a positive and significant relation by the amount of tendency to the communication and social capital level. It means that whatever the managers of units have a lower age, higher education, more referring times to supporter structures and investigating centers and bigger size of units and more turn over they have a bigger tendency to communication and using the new communicative tools and so have a higher social capital level. Finally a simple line regression was estimated. In the model the confidence level and connection between the cluster members are as a dependent variable and the other variables which are reported in the top table are as independent variables which the results are in the table 4.