Dental follicle stem cells and tissue engineering

Masaki J. Honda, Mari Imaizumi, Shuhei Tsuchiya, Christian Morsczeck
2010 Journal of Oral Science  
Adult stem cells are multipotent and can be induced experimentally to differentiate into various cell lineages. Such cells are therefore a key part of achieving the promise of tissue regeneration. The most studied stem cells are those of the hematopoietic and mesenchymal lineages. Recently, mesenchymal stem cells were demonstrated in dental tissues, including dental pulp, periodontal ligament, and dental follicle. The dental follicle is a loose connective tissue that surrounds the developing
more » ... s the developing tooth. Dental follicle stem cells could therefore be a cell source for mesenchymal stem cells. Indeed, dental follicle is present in impacted teeth, which are commonly extracted and disposed of as medical waste in dental practice. Dental follicle stem cells can be isolated and grown under defined tissue culture conditions, and recent characterization of these stem cells has increased their potential for use in tissue engineering applications, including periodontal and bone regeneration. This review describes current knowledge and recent developments in dental follicle stem cells and their application. (J Oral Sci 52, 541-552, 2010)
doi:10.2334/josnusd.52.541 pmid:21206155 fatcat:y3nxn6caofhvrcx6fsp3wkz7ja