Agro-Morphological Characterization of Myrianthus Arboreus (P. Beauv) in Cote dIvoire

N'DRI Konan Ella, GORE Bi Boh Nestor, AKAFFOU Doffou Sélastique
2019 International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering  
The objective of this study is to evaluate the agro-morphologicals parameters of Myrianthus arboreus in five localities of the Côte d'Ivoire. Seventy-five individuals of Myrianthus arboreus collected in five localities of Côte d'Ivoire (Abengourou, Adzopé, Daloa, Diabo and Zouan Hounien), have been evaluated agro-morphologically. Twelve characters selected from the descriptors of this plant were used in this study. Statistical analysis revealed a high variability between the individuals
more » ... d. But a higher value of parameters tested was recorded in Abengourou than Diabo. Positive correlations were observed between leaf, production parameters and between foliage and production parameters. Hierarchical Classification Analysis associated with Discriminant Factor Analysis showed that individuals tested were split in three groups with complementary characteristics. Among parameters tested leaves width and fruits full quarter's number were revealed as discriminating factors. A total of 75 individuals of M. arboreus with age less than five years situated in five towns. Otherwise, 15 plants were collected per town. Collection of Data On each one of fifteen plants, twelves parameters were measured on the leaves and fruits of M. arboreus. A total of five parameters were measured on leaves : the number of lobes (NLo), length of the longest lobe (LLL), width of the longest lobe (WLL), leaf length (LLe), leaf width (LWi). Concerning to a fruit seven parameters were collected : the fruit weight (FrW), fruit quarters number (Fqn), fruit full quarters number (Ffq), fruit empty quarters number (Feq), seeds number (SNu), 100 seeds weight (HSW) and seeds weight (SWe).
doi:10.31695/ijasre.2019.33450 fatcat:ay6kswo3cnfmznavzz5w3gl3ie