Tina Afiatin, Sri Mulyani Martaniah
1998 Psikologika Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi  
Pilot studies revealed that a great deal of psychological problems In adolescence stem from lack of self-confidence. The studies also found · that peer groups could function both as social support and as a change agent tor adolescent. Those findings suggested that group conseling can be used as an alternative intervention to improve self-confidence among adolescents. The present study tested the efficacy of group counseling in in creasing adolescents' self-confidence. Twenty two students of SMA
more » ... two students of SMA PIRI I Yogyakarta who exhibited lack of self-confidence participated in the experimental and control groups. Each group consisted of 11 students. Self-confidence, self-concept, and self-esteem were the dependent measure. Testing were administered 4 times, before treatment, right after treatment, one month after treatment and three months after treat ment. Behavioral changes were observed through daily record as well as-observer's rating of subjects behavior during counseling sessions. T-test with gain scores indicated that the Increase in confidence differed significantly between experimental and control groups (t = 5.01; p < 0.05). Experimental group (( = 28.64) showed higher increase in self-confidence than control group (( = 1.27). The same pattern was shown for self-concept and self-esteem measures. Behavioral rating scale Indicated an increase In self-confidence among subjects of ex perimental group.
doi:10.20885/psikologika.vol3.iss6.art6 fatcat:ry4mm7i3ijdbraglcfukokf6la