The Changing Contributions of Men and Women to the Level and Distribution of Family Income, 1968-1988

Maria Cancian, Peter Gottschalk
1999 Social Science Research Network  
In the past twenty years, the labor force participation and earnings of women, especially married women, have risen dramatically. Over the same period, men's earnings have increased only modestly, and the distribution of family income has grown less equal. In this paper, we analyze the impact of changes in the level and distribution of earnings of men and women in the distribution of family income. We emphasize the contributions due to the increased work effort and real earnings of wives, as
more » ... ngs of wives, as they account for a major portion of growth in family income over these two decades. Working wives have taken the place of economic growth as the factor that raises the standard of living of families across the entire income distribution.
doi:10.2139/ssrn.169410 fatcat:fnr4wysgsjcohamvfhojfq3iv4