A New Outlook on the Ability to Accumulate an Iodine Contrast Agent in Solid Lung Tumors Based on Virtual Monochromatic Images in Dual Energy Computed Tomography (DECT): Analysis in Two Phases of Contrast Enhancement

Arkadiusz Zegadło, Magdalena Żabicka, Aleksandra Różyk, Ewa Więsik-Szewczyk
2021 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
For some time, dual energy computed tomography (DECT) has been an established method used in a vast array of clinical applications, including lung nodule assessment. The aim of this study was to analyze (using monochromatic DECT images) how the X-ray absorption of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) depends on the iodine contrast agent and when X-ray absorption is no longer dependent on the accumulated contrast agent. Sixty-six patients with diagnosed solid lung tumors underwent DECT scans in the
more » ... late arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP) between January 2017 and June 2018. Statistically significant correlations (p ≤ 0.001) of the iodine contrast concentration were found in the energy range of 40-90 keV in the AP phase and in the range of 40-80 keV in the VP phase. The strongest correlation was found between the concentrations of the contrast agent and the scanning energy of 40 keV. At the higher scanning energy, no significant correlations were found. We concluded that it is most useful to evaluate lung lesions in DECT virtual monochromatic images (VMIs) in the energy range of 40-80 keV. We recommend assessing SPNs in only one phase of contrast enhancement to reduce the absorbed radiation dose.
doi:10.3390/jcm10091870 pmid:33925945 fatcat:ufmjpf25lvdfnfkdkruxazvldy